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Gabriel Leen

Research Interests

Current and past research interests include:

  • Automotive Technologies, Hardware, Software and Systems
  • Distributed Embedded Control Networks
  • Formal Verification / Formal Methods
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • On-board Spacecraft Control Systems
  • Micro-drop generation and fluid dispensing
  • Optical fibre sensors for pressure and temperature
  • Medical applications of sensor technology
  • Non-invasive measurement of blood haemoglobin
  • Efficiency of internal combustion engines

Teaching Interests

  • Robotics: Sensors & Actuators, University of Limerick (spring 2014, 2015, 2016).  Full responsibility for Lectures, Labs, Exams, etc.
  • Embedded Software. Full responsibility for Lectures, Labs, Exams, etc.
  • Industrial courses.  Full responsibility for several industrial courses given on automotive systems
  • Supervision/co-supervision  of 3 M.Eng. candidates and 6+ Ph.D. 
  • External Examiner  for 3 M.Eng. theses
  • Erasmus Students  hosted 5+ Erasmus exchange students
  • Final Year Projects Supervised 10+ FYPs, including 2 which represented UL in the Hewlett Packard awards and 1 which represented UL in the Young Engineer of the Year Award

Professional Activities

Award

  • 2005 - Lindau Meeting of Nobel Laurets
  • 2003 - EMBARK Postdoctoral Fellowship Award
  • 2002 - IEE F.C. Williams Premium Award 2002
  • 2002 - Highly Commended Award
  • 1995 - University Presidential Presentation
  • 1995 - Young Engineer of the Year Award
  • 1995 - Chairman's Medal Award

Education

  • 2005 University of Limerick - Graduate Diploma
  • 2002 University of Limerick - Doctor of Philosophy
  • 2000 University of Limerick - Master of Engineering
  • 1995 University of Limerick - B.Eng.

Patent

  • 2003 S2002/0935 - A method and a communication system for transmitting data between a plurality of nodes in a data communication system
  • 1999 84296 - A network gateway
  • 1992 S65345 - A device to determine the thermal status of an internal combustion engine?

Committee

  • 2002 European Space Agency ¿ ¿Controller Area Network in Space¿ Working Group,
  • 1899 ISO TC22/SC3/WG1/TF6,

Employment

  • 1995 Leopold KOSTAL, DORTMUND, GERMANY - RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ENGINEER

Language

  • German

Other

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Publications

Book

Book Chapter

2012

TTCAN - Time-triggered Controller Area Network
Leen, G., Heffernan, D.,
CAN System Engineering from Theory to Practical Applications

Conference Publication

2016

Novel ultra high resolution optical fibre temperature sensor
Poeggel, S,Duraibabu, D,Dooly, G,Lewis, E,Leen, G,Lewis, E
Optical Coherence Tomography And Coherence Techniques V DOI: 10.1117/12.2236155

2016

Fiber Bragg grating sensors for spatially resolved measurements in ex-vivo pancreatic laser ablation
Tosi, D,Adilzhan, A,Aliakhmet, K,Saccomandi, P,Schena, E,Silvestri, S,Duraibabu, DB,Poeggel, S,Leen, G,Lewis, E,
2016 Ieee International Symposium On Medical Measurements And Applications (Memea)

2016

Fibre optic sensors for temperature and pressure monitoring in laser ablation: experiments on ex vivo animal model
Tosi, D,Saccomandi, P,Schena, E,Duraibabu, DB,Poeggel, S,Adilzhan, A,Aliakhmet, K,Silvestri, S,Leen, G,Lewis, E,Lewis, E
Optical Coherence Tomography And Coherence Techniques V DOI: 10.1117/12.2235470

2016

Optical fibre pressure and temperature sensor system designed for urodynamic applications
Duraibabu, D,Kelly, N,Poeggel, S,Flood, H,Yuan, HW,Dooly, G,McGrath, D,Tosi, D,Lewis, E,Leen, G,Lewis, E
Optical Coherence Tomography And Coherence Techniques V DOI: 10.1117/12.2236162

2015

24TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON OPTICAL FIBRE SENSORS
Tosi, D,Poeggel, S,Dinesh, DB,Macchi, EG,Gallati, M,Braschi, G,Leen, G,Lewis, E,Kalinowski, HJ,Fabris, JL,Bock, WJ
Optical Coherence Tomography And Coherence Techniques V DOI: 10.1117/12.2192201

2015

Effects of Autonomic Nervous System on the Quality of Non-invasive Blood Diagnosis by PPG-based Sensor System
Yuan, HW,Leen, G,Lewis, E,
2015 11th Conference On Ph.D. Research In Microelectronics And Electronics (Prime)

2015

CLINICAL AND BIOMEDICAL SPECTROSCOPY AND IMAGING IV
Tosi, D,Perrone, G,Vallan, A,Braglia, A,Liu, Y,Macchi, EG,Braschi, G,Gallati, M,Cigada, A,Poeggel, S,Duraibabu, DB,Leen, G,Lewis, E,Brown, JQ,Deckert V
Optical Coherence Tomography And Coherence Techniques V DOI: 10.1117/12.2181200

2015

24TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON OPTICAL FIBRE SENSORS
Poeggel, S,Duraibabu, D,Lacraz, A,Kalli, K,Tosi, D,Leen, G,Lewis, E,Kalinowski, HJ,Fabris, JL,Bock, WJ
Optical Coherence Tomography And Coherence Techniques V DOI: 10.1117/12.2190008

2014

SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing
S. Poeggel, D. Tosi, S. Sannino, L. Lupoli, F. Fusco, J. Ippolito, V. Mirone, D. Duraibabu, G. Leen, E. Lewis

2014

23RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON OPTICAL FIBRE SENSORS
Tosi, D,Macchi, EG,Braschi, G,Gallati, M,Cigada, A,Rossi, S,Poeggel, S,Leen, G,Lewis, E,LopezHiguera, JM,Jones, J,LopezAmo, M,Santos, JL
Optical Coherence Tomography And Coherence Techniques V DOI: 10.1117/12.2058066

2014

Fiber-Optic EFPI/FBG Dual Sensor for Monitoring of Radiofrequency Thermal Ablation of Liver Tumors
Tosi, D,Macchi, EG,Gallati, M,Braschi, G,Cigada, A,Rossi, S,Poeggel, S,Leen, G,Lewis, E,
2014 Conference On Lasers And Electro-Optics (Cleo)

2014

Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)
D. Tosi, S. Poeggel, G. Leen, E. Lewis

2014

SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing
S. Poeggel, D. Tosi, J. Kelly, M. Munroe, D. Duraibabu, G. Leen, E. Lewis

2014

SMART BIOMEDICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL SENSOR TECHNOLOGY XI
Poeggel, S,Tosi, D,Duraibabu, D,Sannino, S,Lupoli, L,Ippolito, J,Fusco, F,Mirone, V,Leen, G,Lewis, E,Cullum, BM,McLamore, ES
Optical Coherence Tomography And Coherence Techniques V DOI: 10.1117/12.2050156

2014

23rd International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors OFS23
D. Tosi, E. G. Macchi, M. Gallati, G. Braschi, A. Cigada, S. Rossi, S. Poeggel, G. Leen, E. Lewis

2014

23rd International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors OFS23
S. Poeggel, D. Tosi, F. Fusco, V. Mirone, S. Sannino, L. Lupoli, J. Ippolito, G. Leen, E. Lewis

2014

23RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON OPTICAL FIBRE SENSORS
Poeggel, S,Tosi, D,Fusco, F,Mirone, V,Sannino, S,Lupoli, L,Ippolito, J,Leen, G,Lewis, E,LopezHiguera, JM,Jones, J,LopezAmo, M,Santos, JL
Optical Coherence Tomography And Coherence Techniques V DOI: 10.1117/12.2058292

2014

RLS Filter-Based Interrogation of Fiber-Optic Extrinsic Fabry-Perot Interferometry Sensors
Tosi, D,Poeggel, S,Leen, G,Lewis, E,
2014 Conference On Lasers And Electro-Optics (Cleo)

2014

NanotechItaly 2014
D. Tosi, E.G. Macchi, M. Gallati, G. Braschi, A. Cigada, S. Poeggel, G. Leen, E. Lewis

2014

Novel FBG femtosecond laser inscription method for improved FPI sensors for medical applications
Poeggel, S,Duraibabu, D,Tosi, D,Leen, G,Lewis, E,Lacraz, A,Hambalis, M,Koutsides, C,Kalli, K,
2012 Ieee Sensors Proceedings

2014

Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)
D. Tosi, E. G. Macchi, M. Gallati, G. Braschi, A. Cigada, S. Rossi, S. Poeggel, G. Leen, E. Lewis

2014

FIBER OPTIC SENSORS AND APPLICATIONS XI
Poeggel, S,Tosi, D,Duraibabu, D,Kelly, J,Munroe, M,Leen, G,Lewis, E,Du, HH,Pickrell, G,Udd, E,Baldwin, CS,Benterou, JJ,Wang, A
Optical Coherence Tomography And Coherence Techniques V DOI: 10.1117/12.2050500

2014

In-Vivo Urodynamic Pressure Measurement with Fiber-Optic EFPI Pressure Probes
Poeggel, S,Tosi, D,Fusco, F,Mirone, V,Sannino, S,Lupoli, L,Ippolito, J,Leen, G,Lewis, E,
2014 Conference On Lasers And Electro-Optics (Cleo)

2014

Distributed fiber-optic sensors for thermal monitoring in radiofrequency thermal ablation in porcine phantom
Tosi, D,Poeggel, S,Leen, G,Lewis, E,Macchi, EG,Braschi, G,Gallati, M,Cigada, A,Rossi, S,
2012 Ieee Sensors Proceedings

2014

Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)
S. Poeggel, D. Tosi, F. Fusco, V. Mirone, S. Sannino, L. Lupoli, J. ippolito, G. Leen, E. Lewis

2013

European Conference on Biomedical Optics (ECBO)
Poeggel S., Tosi D., Leen G. and Lewis E.

2013

Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Europe
Poeggel S., Tosi D., Leen G. and Lewis E.

2013

2013 CONFERENCE ON AND INTERNATIONAL QUANTUM ELECTRONICS CONFERENCE LASERS AND ELECTRO-OPTICS EUROPE (CLEO EUROPE/IQEC)
Poeggel, S,Tosi, D,Leen, G,Lewis, E,
2013 Conference On And International Quantum Electronics Conference Lasers And Electro-Optics Europe (Cleo Europe/Iqec)

2013

OPTICAL MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS FOR INDUSTRIAL INSPECTION VIII
Poeggel, S,Tosi, D,Leen, G,Lewis, E,Lehmann, PH,Osten, W,Albertazzi, A
Optical Coherence Tomography And Coherence Techniques V DOI: 10.1117/12.2019799

2013

2013 CONFERENCE ON AND INTERNATIONAL QUANTUM ELECTRONICS CONFERENCE LASERS AND ELECTRO-OPTICS EUROPE (CLEO EUROPE/IQEC)
Poeggel, S,Tosi, D,Leen, G,Lewis, E,
2013 Conference On And International Quantum Electronics Conference Lasers And Electro-Optics Europe (Cleo Europe/Iqec)

2013

ADVANCED MICROSCOPY TECHNIQUES III
Poeggel, S,Tosi, D,Leen, G,Lewis, E,Beaurepaire, E,So, PTC
Optical Coherence Tomography And Coherence Techniques V DOI: 10.1117/12.2031372

2013

5th European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors
Poeggel S., Tosi D., Leen G. and Lewis E

2013

FIFTH EUROPEAN WORKSHOP ON OPTICAL FIBRE SENSORS
Poeggel, S,Tosi, D,Leen, G,Lewis, E,Jaroszewicz, LR
Optical Coherence Tomography And Coherence Techniques V DOI: 10.1117/12.2025483

2013

Optical Metrology
Poeggel S., Tosi D., Leen G. and Lewis E.

2013

IEEE Sensors 2013
Poeggel S., Tosi D., Leen G. and Lewis E.
DOI: 10.1109/ICSENS.2013.6688223

2012

IEEE Sensors 2012
Poeggel S., Leen G., Bremer K., Lewis E

2012

2012 IEEE SENSORS PROCEEDINGS
Poeggel, S,Leen, G,Bremer, K,Lewis, E,
2012 Ieee Sensors Proceedings

2011

21ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON OPTICAL FIBER SENSORS
Bremer, K,Lewis, E,Leen, G,Moss, B,Leen, J,Lochmann, S,Mueller, I,Bock, WJ,Albert, J,Bao X
Optical Coherence Tomography And Coherence Techniques V DOI: 10.1117/12.885137

2011

EUROSENSORS XXV
Bremer, K,Lewis, E,Leen, G,Moss, B,Lochmann, S,Mueller, I,Kaltsas, G,Tsamis, C
Engineering Of Sport 8: Engineering Emotion - 8th Conference Of The International Sports Engineering Association (Isea) DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2011.12.125

2011

21st International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (OFS-21)
Bremer, K., Lewis, E., Leen, G., Moss, B., Lochmann, S., and Mueller, I.

2011

European Geoscience Union General Assembly
Reinsch,T. , Blocher,G., Milsch, H., Breamer,K., Lewis, E., Leen, G., Lochmann, S.

2011

Eurosensors XXV
Bremer, K., Lewis, E., Leen, G., Moss, B., Lochmann, S., and Mueller, I.

2011

IEEE Sensors 2011 Conference.
Bremer,K., Lewis,E., Leen,G., Moss,B., Lochmann, S., Reinsch,T., Schroetter, J. and Mueller,I.

2011

BioPhotonics, 2011 International Workshop on
O'Keeffe, S and Bremer, K and Timm, U and McCarthy, D and Leen, G and Lewis, E
DOI: 10.1109/IWBP.2011.5954846

2011

2011 IEEE SENSORS
Bremer, K,Lewis, E,Leen, G,Moss, B,Lochmann, S,Mueller, I,
2011 Ieee Sensors

2010

EUROSENSOR XXIV CONFERENCE
Timm, U; Leen, G; Lewis, E; McGrath, D; Kraitl, J; Ewald, H
DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2010.09.153

2010

European Geosciences Union General Assembly.
Reinsch, T., Glocher, G., Milsch, H., Bremer,K.,Lewis, E., Leen, G., Lochmann, S.

2010

2010 IEEE SENSORS
McCarthy, D; OKeeffe, S; Leen, G; Lewis, E
DOI: 10.1109/ICSENS.2010.5689945

2010

Proceedings of IEEE Sensors
Bremer K., Lewis E., Leen G., Moss B., Lochmann S., Mueller I., Reinsch T., Schroetter J.
DOI: 10.1109/ICSENS.2010.5690125

2010

2010 IEEE Sensors Applications Symposium, SAS 2010 - Proceedings
Timm U., Lewis E., Leen G., McGrath D., Kraitl J., Ewald H.
DOI: 10.1109/SAS.2010.5439415

2010

Sensors, 2010 IEEE
McCarthy, D and O'Keeffe, S and Leen, G and Lewis, E

2010

2010 IEEE SENSORS
Bremer, K; Lewis, E; Leen, G; Moss, B; Lochmann, S; Mueller, I; Reinsch, T; Schroetter, J
DOI: 10.1109/ICSENS.2010.5690125

2010

FOURTH EUROPEAN WORKSHOP ON OPTICAL FIBRE SENSORS
Bremer, K; Lewis, E; Leen, G; Moss, B; Lochmann, S; Mueller, I
DOI: 10.1117/12.866451

2009

SENSORS & THEIR APPLICATIONS XV
Bremer, K; Lewis, E; Moss, B; Leen, G; Lochmann, S; Mueller, I
DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/178/1/012016

2009

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Bremer K., Lewis E., Moss B., Leen G., Lochmann S., Mueller I.
DOI: 10.1117/12.837612

2009

2009 6th International Multi-Conference on Systems, Signals and Devices, SSD 2009
Bremer K., Lewis E., Moss B., Leen G., Lochmann S., Mueller I.
DOI: 10.1109/SSD.2009.4956676

2009

2009 6TH INTERNATIONAL MULTI-CONFERENCE ON SYSTEMS, SIGNALS AND DEVICES, VOLS 1 AND 2
Bremer, K; Lewis, E; Moss, B; Leen, G; Lochmann, S; Mueller, I

2007

SAE World Congress
Mjeda A., Leen G., Walsh E.

2006

A proposed framework for fine-tuning/training a fuzzy controller
Mjeda, A,Jackman, B,Leen, G,
2008 Ieee International Conference On Emerging Technologies And Factory Automation, Proceedings

2005

56th International Astronautical Congress,
G. Leen (1), M.Porciani (2), F. Granata (2), L. Di Marsico (3) (1) University of Limerick, Ireland, (2) Kayser Italia s.r.l - Italy., (3) University of Pisa ¿ Faculty of Electronic Engineering ¿ Italy

2005

IEE Conference Publication
Ryan C., Heffernan D., Leen G.

2005

IEE - Irish Signals and System Conference: ISSC2005
Ryan, C., Heffernan, D and Leen G.

2005

IEE - Irish Signals and System Conference: ISSC2005.
Ryan, C., Heffernan, D and Leen G.

2005

IEE Irish Signals and Systems Conference (ISSC),
C. Ryan, D. Heffernan and G. Leen.

2003

U.K. Institute of Physics - Sensors & Applications XII
Ryan, C., Leen, G. and Heffernan, D.

2001
2000

Analog Devices DEC2000 Conference
Heffernan, D. and Leen, G

2000

Analog Devices DEC2000 Conference.
Heffernan, D. and Leen, G.

1999

SDSS 2005: First annual Workshop on spacecraft Data Systems and Software
B. Storni (1), G. Leen(2), P.Roos(3), F. Tortosa Lopez(3) (1) AdleSys, (2) CSRC / ISERC, University of Limerick Ireland (3) European Space Agency, ESTEC, Nordwijk, The Nethernlands

Other Journal

2010

Non-invasive Optical Method to determine the Total Heamoglobin content in Real-Time
Timm U., Lewis E., Leen G., McGrath D., Kraitl J., Ewald H.
National Institute of Health Sciences Bulletin

2009

Conception and preliminary evaluation of an optical fibre sensor for simultaneous measurement of pressure and temperature
Bremer K., Lewis E., Moss B., Leen G., Lochmann S., Mueller I.
Journal of Physics: Conference Series DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/178/1/012016

2004

Developing a FlexRay Automotive Clock Synchronisation Algorithm in SystemC for use in SoCs
Shaheen, S; Heffernan, D; Leen, G
Technical Papers of SystemC

2004

Developing a FlexRay Automotive Clock Synchronisation Algorithm in SystemC for use in SOCs
Shaheen, S., Heffernan, D. and Leen, G.
SoC - System.org: Technical Papers

2004

Developing a FlexRay Automotive Clock Synchronisation Algorithm in SystemC for use in SOCs
Shaheen, S; Heffernan, D; Leen, G
Technical Papers - www.systemc.org. Nov. 2004.

2003

Drive-by-wire technology
Leen, G; Ryan, C; Heffernan, D
Newspaper - The Evening Echo, April 1 �03.

2002
2002

Technical Report: Formally Verifying Aspects of Time-Triggered Controller Area Network (phases 1 and 2a) Condensed report: Formal Verification of the TTCAN Protocol
Leen, G; Heffernan, D
Circulation technical report: ISO Working Group ISO/TC22/SC3/WG1/TF6. PEI/CSRC Report No.: 20020603. Main library, University of Limerick, Ireland. June-2002.

2001

Electronics in the Car: Is the Family Car Growing up to be a Computer Network?
Heffernan, D; Leen, G
Elements: U.L. Internet Magazine. http://www.ul.ie/elements June 2001.

2000

Talking to the car - automotive networks are in the throws of change
Leen, G; Heffernan, D
Design Engineering Journal, London.

Other Publication

2015

A review of recent advances in optical fibre sensors for in vivo dosimetry during radiotherapy.
O'Keeffe S, McCarthy D, Woulfe P, Grattan MW, Hounsell AR, Sporea D, Mihai L, Vata I, Leen G, Lewis E
DOI: 10.1259/bjr.20140702

2015

Optical Fibre Pressure Sensors in Medical Applications
Poeggel, S,Tosi, D,Duraibabu, D,Leen, G,McGrath, D,Lewis, E
Sensors DOI: 10.3390/s150717115

Peer Reviewed Journal

2015

Optical Fibre Pressure Sensors in Medical Applications
3. Sven Poeggel, Daniele Tosi, Dineshbabu Duraibabu, Gabriel Leen, Deirdre Mcgrath, Elfed
Sensors DOI: 10.3390/s150717115

2015
2015

Optical Fribre Pressure Sensors in Medical Applications.
Poeggel S, Tosi D, Duraibabu D, Leen G, McGrath D, Lewis E.
Sensors DOI: 10.3390/s150717115

2012

A fibre optic sensor for the in situ determination of rock physical properties
Reinsch T., Blöcher G., Milsch H., Bremer K., Lewis E., Leen G., Lochmann S
International Journal Of Rock Mechanics And Mining Sciences DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrmms.2012.06.011

2007

A gateway for time-triggered control networks
Shaheen, S; Heffernan, D; Leen, G
Microprocessors And Microsystems DOI: 10.1016/j.micpro.2006.07.003

2006

Interactive, consistency on a time-triggered real-time control network
Ryan, C; Heffernan, D; Leen, G
Ieee Transactions On Industrial Informatics DOI: 10.1109/TII.2006.885189

2006

Interactive Consistency on a Time-triggered Real-time Control
Ryan, C; Heffernan, D; Leen, G
Ieee Transactions On Industrial Informatics

2004

Clock synchronisation on multiple TTCAN network channels
Ryan, C; Heffernan, D; Leen, G
Microprocessors And Microsystems DOI: 10.1016/j.micpro.2004.02.001

2003

A comparison of emerging time-triggered protocols for automotive X-by-wire control networks
Shaheen, S; Heffernan, D; Leen, G
Proceedings Of The Institution Of Mechanical Engineers Part D-Journal Of Automobile Engineering

2002

Expanding automotive electronic systems
Leen, G; Heffernan, D
Computer DOI: 10.1109/2.976923

2002

Expanding Automotive Electronic Systems
Leen, G. and Heffernan, D.
Ieee Computer - Outlook Edition

2002

TTCAN: a new time-triggered controller area network
Leen, G; Heffernan, D
Microprocessors And Microsystems DOI: 10.1016/S0141-9331(01)00148-X

2001

Time-triggered controller area network
Leen, G; Heffernan, D
Computing & Control Engineering Journal DOI: 10.1049/cce:20010601

2001

Vehicles without wires
Leen, G; Heffernan, D
Computing & Control Engineering Journal DOI: 10.1049/cce:20010501

1999

Digital networks in the automotive vehicle
Leen, G; Heffernan, D; Dunne, A
Computing & Control Engineering Journal DOI: 10.1049/cce:19990604