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Dr. Siobhan Howard

Biography

Siobhán Howard completed her undergraduate and postgraduate studies in the School of Psychology, National University of Ireland, Galway (NUI Galway), graduating with her PhD in 2008. Since then, Siobhán has worked as a postdoctoral researcher at NUI Galway in the Centre for Research on Occupational and Life Stress (CROLS) and the School of Psychology (2008-2011), lecturer in psychology at the Department of Psychology at Mary Immaculate College (2011-2017), and currently works at UL as Senior Lecturer in Psychology in the Department of Psychology at the University of Limerick. She is the past holder of an Irish Research Council New Horizons Research Project Award, a Royal Irish Academy Charlemont Award, and in 2015 and was joint National Co-Ordinator of the European Social Survey in Ireland (with Dr Brendan O'Keeffe, Mary Immaculate College) from 2016-2018.




Research Interests

My research interests rest in the overlap between behavioural medicine and individual differences. My primary conceptual contributions concern the isolation of key individual differences not just as representing patterns of etiological variation, but as comprising the biological bases for etiological risk. In other words, rather than mapping more correlational linkages between risk factors and outcomes, I have developed novel experimental paradigms with which to experimentally establish biologically plausible pathways linking personality to disease. In particular, my experimental work in testing the role of Type D personality in cardiovascular disease mechanisms has been highly significant in supplementing the otherwise statistically-focused datasets implicating this typology in health outcomes. Through a series of experimental studies, I have shown that healthy persons with Type D personality exhibit attenuated (i.e., maladaptive) cardiovascular stress responsivity in precisely the same way as shown by persons with severe depression or obesity.




Teaching Interests

I enjoy teaching modules in research methods and statistics, particularly at undergraduate level where students of psychology sometimes seem to 'fear' statistics. I love helping students to become less fearful of this subject and often, helping them to grow to love it. This has been a recurrent theme in my academic career, first teaching research methods and statistics to psychology students in 2003. My primary goal as a teacher is to foster an appetite for curiosity and inquiry with the ultimate goal of facilitating the student's development as an independent and competent researcher across their degree programme. This is not just because it is essential for a psychology student to leave their degree with research methods skills and statistical knowledge; but also, by understanding the basic principles of the scientific method, having the skills to critically evaluate information presented to them, from whatever source, they will leave their degree well-equipped to contribute more effectively to the knowledge society.



Professional Activities

Award

  • 2018 - Early Career Award

Education

  • 2011 National University of Ireland, Galway - Postgraduate Certificate
  • 2009 National University of Ireland, Galway - PhD
  • 2003 National University of Ireland, Galway - BA (hons) Psychology

Association

  • Member, Psychological Society of Ireland
  • Member, Stress and Anxiety Research Society

Publications

Book Chapters

2019

Effects of Trait Emotion Regulation on Stress Responsivity.
Griffin, S. M.; Howard, S.
(2019) Effects of Trait Emotion Regulation on Stress Responsivity.
In Stress and Anxiety ; P. Buchwald, K. Krzysztof, K. A. Moore, & P. Arenas-Landgrave(Ed.) Berlin : Logos Verlag
[ULIR]

2012

Sleep duration and health: Examining psychosomatic stress-related pathways
O'Leary, E. D., Howard, S., & James, J. E.
(2012) Sleep duration and health: Examining psychosomatic stress-related pathways
In Stress and anxiety: Application to economic hardship, occupational demands, and developmental challenges; Berlin : Logos Verlag

Edited Books

2015

Stress and Anxiety: Applications to schools, well-being, coping and internet use.
(2015) Stress and Anxiety: Applications to schools, well-being, coping and internet use.
Moore, K. A., Howard, S., & Buchwald, P.(Ed.) Berlin : Logos Verlag

2014

Stress and Anxiety: Application to occupations and education
(2014) Stress and Anxiety: Application to occupations and education
Kaniasty, K., Moore, K. A., & Howard, S.(Ed.) Berlin : Logos Verlag

Peer Reviewed Journals

2021

Motivational orientation mediates the association between depression and cardiovascular reactivity to acute psychological stress
Keogh, T., Howard, S., O'Riordan, A., & Gallagher, S.
(2021) Motivational orientation mediates the association between depression and cardiovascular reactivity to acute psychological stress
In Psychophysiology;
[ULIR]

2021

Instructed reappraisal and cardiovascular habituation to recurrent stress
Griffn, S. M.; Howard, S.
(2021) Instructed reappraisal and cardiovascular habituation to recurrent stress
In Psychophysiology;
DOI: https://doi.org/doi/10.1111/psyp.13783
[ULIR]

2020

The psychological impact of Stevens¿Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis on patients¿ lives: a Critically Appraised Topic
O'Reilly P.;Kennedy C.;Meskell P.;Coffey A.;Delaunois I.;Dore L.;Howard S.;Ramsay B.;Scanlon C.;Wilson D.;Whelan B.;Ryan S.
(2020) The psychological impact of Stevens¿Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis on patients¿ lives: a Critically Appraised Topic
In British Journal Of Dermatology;
DOI: 10.1111/bjd.18746
[ULIR]

2020

Type D personality and life event stress: the mediating effects of social support and negative social relationships
O’Riordan A.;Howard S.;Gallagher S.
(2020) Type D personality and life event stress: the mediating effects of social support and negative social relationships
In Anxiety Stress And Coping;
DOI: 10.1080/10615806.2020.1746284
[ULIR]

2020

Type D personality and cardiovascular reactivity to acute stress: The mediating effects of social support and negative social relationships
O’Riordan A.;Howard S.;Brown E.;Gallagher S.
(2020) Type D personality and cardiovascular reactivity to acute stress: The mediating effects of social support and negative social relationships
In Psychophysiology;
DOI: 10.1111/psyp.13660

2020

Cardiovascular stress reactions in recent- and long-retired rugby players when watching a game
Howard S.;Fitzgerald G.;Gallagher S.
(2020) Cardiovascular stress reactions in recent- and long-retired rugby players when watching a game
In Physiology & behavior;
DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2020.112832

2020

Establishing the validity of a novel passive stress task
Griffin, S. M.; Howard, S.
(2020) Establishing the validity of a novel passive stress task
In Psychophysiology; USA :
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.13555
[ULIR]

2020

Personality, cardiovascular, and cortisol reactions to acute psychological stress in the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) study
Coyle D.;Howard S.;Bibbey A.;Gallagher S.;Whittaker A.;Creaven A.
(2020) Personality, cardiovascular, and cortisol reactions to acute psychological stress in the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) study
In International Journal Of Psychophysiology;
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2019.11.014

2020

Establishing the validity of a novel passive stress task
Griffin S.M.;Howard S.
(2020) Establishing the validity of a novel passive stress task
In Psychophysiology;
DOI: 10.1111/psyp.13555

2019

The psychological impact of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) on patients' lives: A critically appraised topic
O'Reilly, P., Kennedy, C., Meskell, P., Coffey, A., Delaunois, I., Dore, L., Howard, S., Ramsay, B., Scanlon, C., Wilson, D.M., Whelan, B. and Ryan, S
(2019) The psychological impact of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) on patients' lives: A critically appraised topic
In British Journal Of Dermatology;
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjd.18746

2019

Social Context and Sex Moderate the Association Between Type D Personality and Cardiovascular Reactivity
Riordan A.;Howard S.;Gallagher S.
(2019) Social Context and Sex Moderate the Association Between Type D Personality and Cardiovascular Reactivity
In Applied Psychophysiology And Biofeedback;
DOI: 10.1007/s10484-019-09447-x
[ULIR]

2018

Cognitive Bias of Interpretation in Type D Personality: Associations with Physiological Indices of Arousal
Howard, S;O'Riordan, A;Nolan, M
(2018) Cognitive Bias of Interpretation in Type D Personality: Associations with Physiological Indices of Arousal
In Applied Psychophysiology And Biofeedback; NEW YORK : SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS
DOI: 10.1007/s10484-018-9397-1

2018

Openness to experience and adapting to change: Cardiovascular stress habituation to change in acute stress exposure
O'Súilleabháin, P. S, Howard, S., & Hughes, B. M.
(2018) Openness to experience and adapting to change: Cardiovascular stress habituation to change in acute stress exposure
In Psychophysiology;
[ULIR]

2018

Pre-service Teachers and Stress During Microteaching: An Experimental Investigation of the Effectiveness of Relaxation Training with Biofeedback on Psychological and Physiological Indices of Stress
Horgan, K;Howard, S;Gardiner-Hyland, F
(2018) Pre-service Teachers and Stress During Microteaching: An Experimental Investigation of the Effectiveness of Relaxation Training with Biofeedback on Psychological and Physiological Indices of Stress
In Applied Psychophysiology And Biofeedback; NEW YORK : SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS
DOI: 10.1007/s10484-018-9401-9

2018

Social connectedness and depression: Is there added value in volunteering?
Creaven, AM;Healy, A;Howard, S
(2018) Social connectedness and depression: Is there added value in volunteering?
In Journal Of Social And Personal Relationships; LONDON : SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
DOI: 10.1177/0265407517716786

2018

Openness to experience and stress responsivity: An examination of cardiovascular and underlying hemodynamic trajectories within an acute stress exposure
O'Súilleabháin, P.S., Howard, S. & Hughes, B.M.
(2018) Openness to experience and stress responsivity: An examination of cardiovascular and underlying hemodynamic trajectories within an acute stress exposure
In Plos One;

2018

Openness to experience and stress responsivity: An examination of cardiovascular and underlying hemodynamic trajectories within an acute stress exposure
O'Suilleabhain, PS;Howard, S;Hughes, BM
(2018) Openness to experience and stress responsivity: An examination of cardiovascular and underlying hemodynamic trajectories within an acute stress exposure
In Plos One; SAN FRANCISCO : PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0199221

2018

Sleep restriction undermines cardiovascular adaptation during stress, contingent on emotional stability
Lu, W,Hughes, BM,Howard, S,James, JE
(2018) Sleep restriction undermines cardiovascular adaptation during stress, contingent on emotional stability
In Biological psychology;
DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2017.11.013

2018

Openness to experience and adapting to change: Cardiovascular stress habituation to change in acute stress exposure
O Suilleabhain, PS;Howard, S;Hughes, BM
(2018) Openness to experience and adapting to change: Cardiovascular stress habituation to change in acute stress exposure
In Psychophysiology; HOBOKEN : WILEY
DOI: 10.1111/psyp.13023

2018

Cardiovascular stress-response adaptation: Conceptual basis, empirical findings, and implications for disease processes
Hughes, BM;Lu, W;Howard, S
(2018) Cardiovascular stress-response adaptation: Conceptual basis, empirical findings, and implications for disease processes
In International Journal Of Psychophysiology; AMSTERDAM :
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2018.02.003

2017

Repressive coping and cardiovascular reactivity to novel and recurrent stress
Howard, S,Myers, LB,Hughes, BM
(2017) Repressive coping and cardiovascular reactivity to novel and recurrent stress
In Anxiety Stress And Coping;
DOI: 10.1080/10615806.2016.1274027

2017

Restructuring the College Classroom: A Critical Reflection on the Use of Collaborative Strategies to Target Student Engagement in Higher Education
Griffin, CP,Howard, S
(2017) Restructuring the College Classroom: A Critical Reflection on the Use of Collaborative Strategies to Target Student Engagement in Higher Education
In Psychology Learning And Teaching-Plat;
DOI: 10.1177/1475725717692681

2017

Perceived social support predicts lower cardiovascular reactivity to stress in older adults
Howard, S,Creaven, AM,Hughes, BM,O'Leary, ED,James, JE
(2017) Perceived social support predicts lower cardiovascular reactivity to stress in older adults
In Biological psychology;
DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2017.02.006

2016

Conscientiousness and mindfulness in midlife coping: An assessment based on MIDUS II
Sesker, A. A., O'Súilleabháin, P.S., Howard, S., & Hughes, B. M.
(2016) Conscientiousness and mindfulness in midlife coping: An assessment based on MIDUS II
In Personality And Mental Health;

2016

Conscientiousness and mindfulness in midlife coping: An assessment based on MIDUS II
Sesker, AA,Suilleabhain, PO,Howard, S,Hughes, BM
(2016) Conscientiousness and mindfulness in midlife coping: An assessment based on MIDUS II
In Personality And Mental Health;
DOI: 10.1002/pmh.1323

2015

Salivary alpha-Amylase Reactivity to Laboratory Social Stress With and Without Acute Sleep Restriction
O'Leary, ED,Howard, S,Hughes, BM,James, JE
(2015) Salivary alpha-Amylase Reactivity to Laboratory Social Stress With and Without Acute Sleep Restriction
In Journal Of Psychophysiology;
DOI: 10.1027/0269-8803/a000134

2015

"Literacy Lift-Off": an experimental evaluation of a reading recovery programme on literacy skills and reading self-concept
Higgins, E,Fitzgerald, J,Howard, S
(2015) "Literacy Lift-Off": an experimental evaluation of a reading recovery programme on literacy skills and reading self-concept
In Educational Psychology In Practice;
DOI: 10.1080/02667363.2015.1030592

2015

Differential hemodynamic effects during the provision of active and passive support in the laboratory
Gallagher, S,Howard, S,Heffernan, M
(2015) Differential hemodynamic effects during the provision of active and passive support in the laboratory
In Psychology & Health;
DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2015.1024246
[ULIR]

2014

Dyadic concordance in mother and preschooler resting cardiovascular function varies by risk status
Creaven, AM,Skowron, EA,Hughes, BM,Howard, S,Loken, E
(2014) Dyadic concordance in mother and preschooler resting cardiovascular function varies by risk status
In Developmental Psychobiology;
DOI: DOI 10.1002/dev.21098

2013

Social support and trait personality are independently associated with resting cardiovascular function in women
Creaven, AM,Howard, S,Hughes, BM
(2013) Social support and trait personality are independently associated with resting cardiovascular function in women
In British journal of health psychology;
DOI: DOI 10.1111/bjhp.12001

2013

Type D personality is associated with a sensitized cardiovascular response to recurrent stress in men
Howard, S,Hughes, BM
(2013) Type D personality is associated with a sensitized cardiovascular response to recurrent stress in men
In Biological psychology;
DOI: DOI 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.09.001

2013

Matching intra-procedural information with coping style reduces psychophysiological arousal in women undergoing colposcopy
Kola S.;Walsh J.;Hughes B.;Howard S.
(2013) Matching intra-procedural information with coping style reduces psychophysiological arousal in women undergoing colposcopy
In Journal Of Behavioral Medicine;
DOI: 10.1007/s10865-012-9435-z

2013

Matching intra-procedural information with coping style reduces psychophysiological arousal in women undergoing colposcopy
Kola, S,Walsh, JC,Hughes, BM,Howard, S
(2013) Matching intra-procedural information with coping style reduces psychophysiological arousal in women undergoing colposcopy
In Journal Of Behavioral Medicine;
DOI: DOI 10.1007/s10865-012-9435-z

2013

An experimental test of blunting using sleep-restriction as an acute stressor in Type D and non-Type D women
O'Leary, ED,Howard, S,Hughes, BM,James, JE
(2013) An experimental test of blunting using sleep-restriction as an acute stressor in Type D and non-Type D women
In International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology;

2013

Type D personality is associated with a sensitized cardiovascular response to recurrent stress in men
Howard S.;Hughes B.
(2013) Type D personality is associated with a sensitized cardiovascular response to recurrent stress in men
In Biological psychology;
DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.09.001

2013

An experimental test of blunting using sleep-restriction as an acute stressor in Type D and non-Type D women
O'Leary E.;Howard S.;Hughes B.;James J.
(2013) An experimental test of blunting using sleep-restriction as an acute stressor in Type D and non-Type D women
In International Journal Of Psychophysiology;
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2013.02.006

2013

Social support and trait personality are independently associated with resting cardiovascular function in women
Creaven A.;Howard S.;Hughes B.
(2013) Social support and trait personality are independently associated with resting cardiovascular function in women
In British journal of health psychology;
DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12001

2012

Attention focus, trait anxiety, and pain perception in patients undergoing colposcopy
Kola, S., Walsh, J. C., Hughes, B. M., & Howard, S.
(2012) Attention focus, trait anxiety, and pain perception in patients undergoing colposcopy
In European Journal Of Pain;

Online Databases

2018

The psychological impact of Stevens Johnson Syndrome (SJS) or Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) on an adult's well-being: protocol for an integrative literature review.
O'Reilly, P, Kennedy, C, Coffey, A, Delaunois, I, Dore, L, Howard, S, Meskell, P, Ramsay, B, Scanlon, C, Wilson, D.M, Ryan, S
(2018) The psychological impact of Stevens Johnson Syndrome (SJS) or Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) on an adult's well-being: protocol for an integrative literature review.
CRD42018111369 Available from: : PROSPERO

Meeting Abstracts

2017

NOCTURNAL BLOOD PRESSURE DIPPING AND CARDIOVASCULAR RESPONSES TO ACUTE STRESS IN YOUNG ADULTS: EVALUATING CONCORDANCE USING AMBULATORY AND LABORATORY-BASED METHODS
Creaven, AM,Howard, S,O'Leary, ED,Hughes, BM,James, JE
(2017) NOCTURNAL BLOOD PRESSURE DIPPING AND CARDIOVASCULAR RESPONSES TO ACUTE STRESS IN YOUNG ADULTS: EVALUATING CONCORDANCE USING AMBULATORY AND LABORATORY-BASED METHODS
In Psychosomatic medicine;

2017

TYPE D PERSONALITY AND CARDIOVASCULAR REACTIVITY TO ACUTE STRESS: A META-ANALYTIC REVIEW OF STUDIES USING ACTIVE TASKS
Howard, S,Kupper, N,Denollet, J
(2017) TYPE D PERSONALITY AND CARDIOVASCULAR REACTIVITY TO ACUTE STRESS: A META-ANALYTIC REVIEW OF STUDIES USING ACTIVE TASKS
In Psychosomatic medicine;

2017

OPENNESS TO EXPERIENCE AND STRESS RESPONSIVITY: AN EXAMINATION OF CARDIOVASCULAR AND UNDERLYING HEMODYNAMIC TRAJECTORIES WITHIN AN ACUTE STRESS EXPOSURE
O'Silleabhain, PS,Howard, S,Hughes, BM
(2017) OPENNESS TO EXPERIENCE AND STRESS RESPONSIVITY: AN EXAMINATION OF CARDIOVASCULAR AND UNDERLYING HEMODYNAMIC TRAJECTORIES WITHIN AN ACUTE STRESS EXPOSURE
In Psychosomatic medicine;

2017

SLEEP RESTRICTION UNDERMINES CARDIOVASCULAR ADAPTION TO STRESS, CONTINGENT ON EMOTIONAL STABILITY
Lu, W,Hughes, BM,Howard, S,James, JE
(2017) SLEEP RESTRICTION UNDERMINES CARDIOVASCULAR ADAPTION TO STRESS, CONTINGENT ON EMOTIONAL STABILITY
In Psychosomatic medicine;

2017

INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN EMOTION REGULATION: IMPLICATIONS FOR CARDIOVASCULAR REACTIVITY TO STRESS
Griffin, SM;Howard, S
(2017) INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN EMOTION REGULATION: IMPLICATIONS FOR CARDIOVASCULAR REACTIVITY TO STRESS
In Psychosomatic medicine; PHILADELPHIA : LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS

2017

HOSTILITY AND CARDIOVASCULAR RESPONSES TO ANGER-PROVOCATION WITH AND WITHOUT SLEEP-RESTRICTION
Hughes, BM,Lu, W,Howard, S,James, JE
(2017) HOSTILITY AND CARDIOVASCULAR RESPONSES TO ANGER-PROVOCATION WITH AND WITHOUT SLEEP-RESTRICTION
In Psychosomatic medicine;

2017

MID-RANGE TRAIT CONSCIENTIOUSNESS IS ASSOCIATED WITH OPTIMAL CARDIOVASCULAR FUNCTIONING DURING ACUTE STRESS EXPOSURE
Sesker, AA;Howard, S;Hughes, BM
(2017) MID-RANGE TRAIT CONSCIENTIOUSNESS IS ASSOCIATED WITH OPTIMAL CARDIOVASCULAR FUNCTIONING DURING ACUTE STRESS EXPOSURE
In Psychosomatic medicine; PHILADELPHIA : LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS

2016

Mental Health Issues among Undergraduate Students: Do Education Students Suffer More Than Medical Students?
Klaus, S;Stewart, B;Lydon, S;Howard, S;Byrne, D;Fitzgerald, J;Gardiner-Hyland, F;Ring, E;O Connor, P
(2016) Mental Health Issues among Undergraduate Students: Do Education Students Suffer More Than Medical Students?
In Irish journal of medical science; LONDON : SPRINGER LONDON LTD

2014

FATIGUE, CORTISOL AWAKENING AND SALIVARY ALPHA-AMYLASE RESPONSE IN HEALTHY YOUNG ADULTS: EVIDENCE FROM AN ACUTE SLEEP RESTRICTION MANIPULATION
O' Leary, _ED,Howard, S,James, JE
(2014) FATIGUE, CORTISOL AWAKENING AND SALIVARY ALPHA-AMYLASE RESPONSE IN HEALTHY YOUNG ADULTS: EVIDENCE FROM AN ACUTE SLEEP RESTRICTION MANIPULATION
In Psychosomatic medicine;

2013

BLUNTING AS A POSSIBLE TYPE D MECHANISM OF EFFECT?
Howard, S,Hughes, BM
(2013) BLUNTING AS A POSSIBLE TYPE D MECHANISM OF EFFECT?
In Psychosomatic medicine;

2013

IS 'BLUNTING' A SUPPRESSED RESPONSE OR A NON-RESPONSE? AN EXPERIMENTAL TEST USING SLEEP-RESTRICTION AS AN ACUTE STRESSOR
Hughes, BM,Howard, S,O'Leary, ED,James, JE
(2013) IS 'BLUNTING' A SUPPRESSED RESPONSE OR A NON-RESPONSE? AN EXPERIMENTAL TEST USING SLEEP-RESTRICTION AS AN ACUTE STRESSOR
In Psychosomatic medicine;

2012

ACUTE RESTRICTION OF SLEEP DURATION AND TYPE D PERSONALITY: FATIGUE, HEMODYNAMIC, AND SALIVARY ALPHA-AMYLASE RESPONSE TO SOCIAL STRESS IN WOMEN
O'Leary, ED,Howard, S,James, JE
(2012) ACUTE RESTRICTION OF SLEEP DURATION AND TYPE D PERSONALITY: FATIGUE, HEMODYNAMIC, AND SALIVARY ALPHA-AMYLASE RESPONSE TO SOCIAL STRESS IN WOMEN
In Psychophysiology;

2012

Acute restriction of sleep duration and type D personality: haemodynamic and salivary alpha-amylase response to social stress in women
Leary, EO,Howard, S,James, J
(2012) Acute restriction of sleep duration and type D personality: haemodynamic and salivary alpha-amylase response to social stress in women
In Journal Of Sleep Research;