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Dr Kenneth Byrne

BAgrSc, MEngSc, PhD

Biography

Present Position:

Senior Lecturer

Qualifications:

B.Agr.Sc. (Forestry), University College Dublin, 1992.
Ph.D. (Soil Science), University College Dublin, 1999.
M.Eng.Sc. (Civil and Environmental Engineering), University College Cork, 2011.
Grad. Dip. (Teaching, Learning and Scholarship), University of Limerick, 2018.

Former Positions:
Bord na Móna Newman Scholar, University College Dublin (1999-2002)
Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University College Dublin (2002-2003)
Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University College Cork (2004-2008)

Research Interests

My research focuses on the impact of land use and land use change on soil carbon stocks and greenhouse gas emissions. Other interests include carbon storage in harvested wood products, forest ecosystem services and nutrient stores in forest biomass.
Researcher staff and studentsCompletedCiara Hayes. 2010. Spatial variation in soil carbon stocks under a Miscanthus crop. M.Sc. University of Limerick.Anthony O’Donnell. 2011. Forestry in the Republic of Ireland: Government policy, grant incentives and carbon sequestration value M.Sc. (Financial Services), University of Limerick. Minor thesis. Co-supervisor: Dr. M. Cummins.Stephanie Brosnan. 2011. Partitioning of soil respiration in a beech forest using a trenching experiment. M.Sc., University of Limerick.Dr. Jennifer Donlan. 2010-2011. Carbon stocks and stock changes in harvested wood products. Post-Doctoral Fellowship funded by the Council for Forest Research and Development.

Dr. Jennifer Donlan. 2014. Assessment of agricultural activity on drained organic soils. Post-Doctoral Fellowship funded by the Environmental Protection Agency.
Eva Ros Mangrinan. 2015. Nutrient pools in forest biomass. MSc. Co-supervisor Dr. Thomas Cummins, UCD. Funded by the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine. Cormac O’Callaghan. 2015. Quantification and valuation of Irish forest ecosystem services in Irish forests. MSc at University College Cork co-supervised with Prof. J. O’Halloran and Dr S. Irwin. Funded by the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine.

Richard Lane. 2016. Soil carbon dynamics in afforested organo-mineral soils. PhD. University of Limerick. Funded by the irish Research Council.

Caitlin
Rigney. 2016. Greenhouse gas emissions from rewetted peatland forests. PhD. University of Limerick. Funded by the Environmental Protection Agency.

Gemma
Torres-Sallan. 2016. Physical and biochemical characterisation of soil organic carbon in topsoil and subsoil of Irish grasslands. PhD. University of Limerick.Co-Supervisors: Dr. G. Lanigan and Prof. R. Creamer. Funded by the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine.

Jonay Antonio Jovani Sancho. 2017. Empirical and process based modeling of soil respiration in afforested peatlands. PhD. University of Limerick. Co-supervisor Dr. Thomas Cummins, UCD. Funded by the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine.

Dr. Jean O'Dwyer. (2015-2018). Economic and Environmental Mapping of Cascade Use of Wood. Postdoctoral Fellowship funded by the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine

Michael Clancy. 2018. Soil carbon stocks in forest soils. PhD. Soil carbon stocks and life cycle analysis of short rotation forestry. University of Limerick. Funded by the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine.

Current
Kilian Walz. Peatland properties influencing greenhouse gas emissions and removals. Co-supervisor Dr. Florence Renou-Wilson, UCD. Funded by the Environmental Protection Agency.

Dylan Walshe. Integration of spatial Big Data for improved long term forest resource planning. Employment based PhD scholarship funded by the Irish Research Council.Co-supervisor Dr. Daniel McInerney, Coillte Teoranta.


Professional Activities

Award

  • 2011 - Visiting Scholarship to Trent University, Ontario, Canada.
  • 2007 - Member of the Nobel Peace Prize winning Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
  • 2003 - Honarary Diploma, Forest Research and Management Institute, Bucharest, Romania
  • 1999 - Newman Scholarship, University College Dublin

Association

  • Member, Soil Science Society of Ireland
  • Member, International Union of Soil Science

Publications

Book Chapter

2015

Irish peatland forests: Lessons from the past and pathways to a sustainable future
Renou-Wilson F.;Byrne K.
Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests, Second Edition DOI: 10.1201/b18809

2015

Current and future degradation risks to forest soils in Ireland
Byrne, K.A., Aherne, J. and Cummins. T.
Soil Degradation Risks in Planted Forests

2015

Irish peatland forests: lessons from the past and pathways to a sustainable future
Renou-Wilson, F. and Byrne, K.A.
Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests

2011

Greenhouse gas balance in disturbed peatlands
Alm, J., Byrne, K.A., Hayes, C., Leifeld, J. and Shurpali, N.J.
Soil Carbon in Sensitive European Ecosystems: From Science to Land Management

2011

Greenhouse Gas Balance in Disturbed Peatlands
Alm J.;Byrne K.;Hayes C.;Leifeld J.;Shurpali N.
Soil Carbon In Sensitive European Ecosystems: From Science To Land Management DOI: 10.1002/9781119970255.ch7

2008

Climate impacts of peatland forestry
Minkkinen, K., Byrne, K.A., Trettin, C.C.
Peatlands and Climate Change

2008

Northern peatlands, greenhouse gas exchange and climate change
Strack, M; Waddington, JM; Turetsky, M; Roulet, NT; Byrne, KA
Peatlands and Climate Change

2004

Biomass - impact on the carbon cycle and greenhouse gas emissions
Green, C; Byrne, KA
Encyclopedia of Energy

1997

The influence of forestry on blanket peatland
Byrne, KA; Farrell, EP
Humic Substances, Peats and Sludges: Health and Environmental Aspects

Conference Publication

2012
2012

Agricultural Research Forum
Rochford, N.M., Lanigan, G.J., Lalor, S.T.J., Byrne, K.A.

2007

Cost Action 639: Greenhouse gas budget of soils under changing climate and land use
Eaton, J.M., McGoff, N.M., Byrne, K.A., Leahy, P. and Kiely, G.

2005

Forest Research and Development in Ireland 2004 - Underpinning Industry Development
Byrne, K.A., Saiz, G., Blujdea, V., Black, K., Osborne, B., O’ Sullivan, O., Schmidt, O., Dyckmans, J., Tobin, B., Gardiner, J.J., Nieuwenhuis, M., Dolan, S., Reidy, B., Bolger, T., and Farrell, E.P. , Proceedings of the COFORD conference, 20-21 September 2004, . COFORD, Dublin. 59-61.

2005

14th European Bioenergy Conference
7. Schlamadinger, B. Edwards, R., Byrne, K.A., Cowie, A., Faaij, A., Green, C. Fijan-Parlov, S., Gustavsson, L., Hatton, T., Heding, N., Kwant, K., Pingoud, K., Ringer, M., Robertson, K., Solberg, B., Soimakallio, S. and Woess-Gallasch., S.

2005

Forest Research and Development in Ireland 2004 - Underpinning Industry Development
Black, K., O’ Sullivan, O., Farrell, E.P., Saiz, G., Byrne K., Schmidt, O., Dyckmans, J., Tobin, B., Gardiner, J., Nieuwenhuis, M., Dolan, S., Reidy, B., Bolger, T., and Osborne, B.

2002

Achievement and Challenge Rio + 10 and Ireland
Farrell, E.P. and Byrne, K.A. 2002.

2002

Achievement and Challenge Rio + 10 and Ireland
Byrne, K.A. and Farrell, E.P.

Peer Reviewed Journal

2018

Greenhouse gas emissions from two rewetted peatlands previously managed for forestry
Rigney, C;Wilson, D;Renou-Wilson, F;Muller, C;Moser, G;Byrne, KA
Mires and Peat DOI: 10.19189/MaP.2017.OMB.314

2018

Soil respiration partitioning in afforested temperate peatlands
Jovani-Sancho, AJ;Cummins, T;Byrne, KA
Biogeochemistry DOI: 10.1007/s10533-018-0496-0

2017

Collar insertion depth effects on soil respiration in afforested peatlands
Jovani-Sancho, AJ,Cummins, T,Byrne, KA
Biology And Fertility Of Soils DOI: 10.1007/s00374-017-1210-4

2017

Clay illuviation provides a longterm sink for C sequestration in subsoils
Torres-Sallan, G,Schulte, RPO,Lanigan, GJ,Byrne, KA,Reidy, B,Simo, I,Six, J,Creamer, RE
Scientific Reports DOI: 10.1038/srep45635

2017

The role of planted forests in the provision of habitat: an Irish perspective
O'Callaghan, CJ,Irwin, S,Byrne, KA,O'Halloran, J
Biodiversity And Conservation DOI: 10.1007/s10531-016-1125-7

2017

PARTITIONING OF SOIL RESPIRATION IN A FIRST ROTATION BEECH PLANTATION
Sancho, AJJ,Brosnan, S,Byrne, KA
Biology And Environment-Proceedings Of The Royal Irish Academy DOI: 10.3318/BIOE.2017.09

2016

A review of the range and value of ecosystem services
Bullock, C.H., O’Callaghan, C., Ní Dhubháin, A., Iwata, Y., O’Donoghue, C., Ryan, M., Upton, V., Byrne, K.A., Irwin, S., O’Halloran, J. and Kelly-Quinn. M.
Irish Forestry

2015

The need to disaggregate podzols and peaty podzols when assessing forest soil carbon stocks
Clancy, M., Jovani Sancho, A.J., Cummins, T. and Byrne, K.A.
Irish Forestry

2013

Future change in carbon in harvested wood products from Irish forests established prior to 1990
Donlan, J,Black, K,Hendrick, E,O'Driscoll, E,Byrne, KA
Carbon Management DOI: 10.4155/CMT.13.37

2013

Future change in carbon in harvested wood products from Irish forests established prior to 1990
Donlan J.;Black K.;Hendrick E.;O'Driscoll E.;Byrne K.
Carbon Management DOI: 10.4155/cmt.13.37

2010

The potential of birch afforestation as an after-use option for industrial cutaway peatlands
Renou-Wilson, F., Pöllänen, M., Byrne, K., Wilson, D. and Farrell, E.P.
Suo

2009

Rewetting of cutaway peatlands: Are we re-creating hotspots of methane emissions?
Wilson, D; Alm, J; Laine, J; Byrne, KA; Farrell, EP; Tuittila, E -S
Restoration Ecology

2009

Carbon stock and stock changes across a Sitka spruce chronosequence on surface-water gley soils
Black, K; Byrne, KA; Mencuccini, M; Tobin, B; Nieuwenhuis, M; Reidy, B; Bolger, T; Saiz, G; Green, C; Farrell, ET; Osborne, B
Forestry DOI: 10.1093/forestry/cpp005

2008

Land cover change and soil organic carbon stocks in the Republic of Ireland 1851-2000
Eaton, J; McGoff, N; Byrne, KA; Leahy, P; Kiely, G
Climatic Change

2008

Vegetation and environmental variation in an Atlantic blanket bog in South-western Ireland
Sottocornola, M; Laine, A; Kiely, G; Byrne, KA; Tuittila, E -S
Plant Ecology

2007

A high resolution green area index for modelling the seasonal dynamics of CO2 exchange in peatland vascular plant communities
Wilson, D; Alm, J; Riutta, T; Laine, J; Byrne, KA; Farrell, EP; Tuittila, E -S
Plant Ecology

2007

How strongly can forest management influence soil carbon sequestration?
Jandl, R; Lindner, M; Bauwens, B; Vesterdal, L; Baritz, R; Hagedorn, F; Johnson, DW; Minkkinen, K; Byrne, KA
Geoderma

2007

Carbon dioxide dynamics of a restored maritime peatland
Wilson, D; Tuittila, E -S; Alm, J; Laine, J; Farrell, EP; Byrne, KA
Ecoscience

2007

Methane flux dynamics in an Irish lowland blanket bog
Laine, A; Wilson D; Kiely, G; Byrne, KA
Plant And Soil

2007

Carbon sequestration determined using farm scale carbon balance and eddy covariance
Byrne, KA; Kiely, G; Leahy, P
Agricultural Ecosystems And Environment

2007
2007

Above- and belowground biomass measurements in an unthinned stand of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong) Carr.)
Green, C; Tobin, B; O'Shea, M; Farrell, EP; Byrne, KA
European Journal Of Forest Research

2006

Reporting carbon stocks in harvested wood products: Implications for Ireland
Green, C; Avitabile, V; Farrell, EP; Byrne, KA
Biomass And Bioenergy

2006
2006

Stand age-related effects on soil respiration in a first rotation Sitka spruce chronosequence in central Ireland
Saiz, G; Byrne, KA; Butterbach-Bahl, K; Kiese, R; Blujdea, V; Farrell, EP
Global Change Biology

2006

Process-based modelling of net ecosystem exchange and its components for a humid grassland ecosystem
Lawton, D; Leahy, P Kiely, G; Byrne, KA; Calanca, P
Journal Of Geophysical Research ¿ Biogeosciences

2006

Net ecosystem exchange of grassland in contrasting wet and dry years
Jaksic, V; Kiely, G; Albertson, J; Oren, R; Katul, G; Leahy, P; Byrne, KA
Agricultural And Forest Meteorology

2006

Estimating net ecosystem exchange in a patterned ecosystem: example from blanket bog
Laine, A; Sottocornola, M; Kiely, G; Byrne, KA; Wilson, D; Tuittila, E -S
Agricultural And Forest Meteorology

2005

CO2 fluxes in adjacent new and permanent temperate grasslands
Byrne, KA; Kiely, G; Leahy, P
Agricultural And Forest Meteorology

2004

The potential impact of climate change on Irish forestry
Pursar, PM; Byrne, KA; Farrell, EP; Sweeney, J
Irish Forestry

2004

Improved estimates of biomass expansion factors for Sitka spruce
Black, K; Tobin, B; Saiz, G; Byrne, KA; Osborne, B
Irish Forestry

2001

The influence of temperature on carbon dioxide production in laboratory columns of virgin and forested blanket peat
Byrne, KA; Farrell, EP; Papen, H; Butterbach-Bahl, K
International Peat Journal

2000

Possibilities for carbon sequestration in Irish forests
Byrne, KA; Perks, M
Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society And Environment

2000

Carbon dioxide and methane fluxes in forested and virgin blanket peatland in the west of Ireland
Byrne, KA; Farrell, EP; Papen, H; Butterbach-Bahl, K
Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol.

Published Report

2014

Introduction. In: IPCC 2014, 2013 Supplement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Wetlands
Wirth, T., Zhang, C., Anshari, G.J., Byrne, K., Hodson, E., Joosten, H., Kaufmann, J.B., Klemedtsson, L., Lapvetelainen, T.E., Mueller, C., O’Brien, P. and Osaki, M.

2011
2004

EU peatlands: Current carbon stocks and trace gas fluxes
Byrne, K.A., Chojnicki, B., Christensen, T.R., Drösler, M., Freibauer, A., Friborg, T., Frolking, S., Lindroth, A., Mailhammer, J., Malmer, N., Selin, P., Turunen, J., Valentini, R. and Zetterberg, L.

2004

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry, Chapter 3: LUCF sector good practice guidance.
Nabuurs, G.-J., Ravindranath, N.H., Freibauer, A., Hohenstein, B., Makundi, W., Paustian, K., Aalde, H., Abdelgair, A.Y., Abdu Khalil, A.S., Barton, J., Bickel, K., Bin-Musa, S., Blain, D., Boer, R., Byrne, K., Cerri, C., Ciccarese, L., Choque, D.-C., Duchemin, E., Dja, L., Ford-Robertson, J., Galinski, W., Germon, J.-C., Ginzo, H., Gytarsky, M., Heath, L., Loustau, D., Mandouri, T., Mindas, J., Pingoud, K., Raison, J., Savchenko, V., Schöne, D., Sievanen, R., Skog, K., Smith, K. and Xu, D.

2003

Climate Change, Scenarios & Impacts for Ireland (2000-LS-5.2.1-M1). Final Report.
Sweeney, J., Brereton, T., Byrne, C., Charleton, R., Emblow, C., Fealy, R., Holden, N., Jones, M., Donnelly, A., Moore, S., Pursar, P., Byrne, K., Farrell, T., Mayes, E., Minchin, D., Wilson, J. and Wilson, J.

1999

Carbon sequestration and Irish forests
Kilbride, C.M., Byrne, K.A. and Gardiner, J.J.