General Guides and Toolkits

BeLonGTo, Ireland. LGBT Safe and Supportive Schools. Available at:

BeLonGTo, Ireland. Stand-Up Against LGBTI+ Bullying Resource Pack. Available at:

GLEN & Department of Education and Skills, Ireland. Being LGBT at School. Available at:…

TENI, Ireland. Transforming the Classroom. Supporting Trans Young People in Schools. Available at:…

TKI and Ministry of Education, New Zealand. A Guide for Schools: Information on Supporting Trans, Gender Diverse or Non-Binary Students to Affirm Their Gender. Available at:

Transcend, Australia. Guide to LGBTIQA+ Students. Available at:…

Austin, A. (2016). “There I am”: A grounded theory study of young adults navigating a transgender or gender nonconforming identity within a context of oppression and invisibility. Sex Roles, 75(5–6), 215–230. doi:10.1007/s11199-016-0600-7

Bopp, P. J., Juday, T. R., & Charters, C. W. (2004). A school-based program to improve life skills and to prevent HIV infection in multicultural transgendered youth in Hawai’i. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Issues in Education, 1(4), 3–21. doi:10.1300/J367v01n04_02

Caudwell, J. (2014). [Transgender] young men: Gendered subjectivities and the physically active body. Sport, Education and Society, 19(4), 398–414. doi:10.1080/13573322.2012.672320

Devís-Devís, J., Pereira-García, S., López-Caňada, E., Pérez Samaniego, V., & Fuentes-Miguel, J. (2018). Looking back into trans persons’ experiences in heteronormative secondary physical education contexts. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 23(1), 103–116. doi:10.1080/17408989.2017.1341477

Dunne, P. and Turraoin, C. (2015) National Trans Youth Forum Report 2015. Dublin: Transgender Equality Network Ireland.

Gower, A. L., Rider, G. N., Brown, C., McMorris, B. J., Coleman, E., Taliaferro, L. A., & Eisenberg, M. E. (2018). Supporting transgender and gender diverse youth: Protection against emotional distress and substance use. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 55(6), 787–794. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2018.06.030

Greytak, E. A., Kosciw, J. G., & Boesen, M. J. (2013). Putting the “T” in “resource”: The benefits of LGBT-related school resources for transgender youth. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1–2), 45–63. doi:10.1080/19361653.2012.718522

Johnson, C. W., Singh, A. A., & Gonzalez, M. (2014). “It’s complicated”: Collective memories of transgender, queer, and questioning youth in high school. Journal of Homosexuality, 61(3), 419–434. doi:10.1080/00918369.2013.842436

Jones, T., Smith, E., Ward, R., Dixon, J., Hillier, L., & Mitchell, A. (2016). School experiences of transgender and gender diverse students in Australia. Sex Education, 16(2), 156–171. doi:10.1080/14681811.2015.1080678

Jones, T., & Hillier, L. (2013). Comparing trans-spectrum and same sex-attracted youth in Australia: Increased Risks, Increased Activisms. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(4), 287–307. doi:10.1080/19361653.2013.825197

Kjaran, J. I., & Johannesson, I. A. (2015). Inclusion, exclusion and the queering of spaces in two Icelandic upper secondary schools. Ethnography and Education, 10(1), 42–59. doi: 10.1080/17457823.2014.925409

McBride, R.-S., & Schubotz, D. (2017). Living a fairy tale: The educational experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming youth in Northern Ireland. Child Care in Practice, 23(3), 292–304. doi:10.1080/13575279.2017.1299112

Porta, C. M., Gower, A. L., Mehus, C. J., Yu, X., Saewyc, E. M., & Eisenberg, M. E. (2017). “Kicked out”: LGBTQ youths’ bathroom experiences and preferences. Journal of Adolescence, 56, 107–112. doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2017.02.005

Rivers, I., Gonzalez, C., Nodin, N., Peel, E., & Tyler, A. (2018). LGBT people and suicidality in youth: A qualitative study of perceptions of risk and protective circumstances. Social Science & Medicine, 212, 1–8. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.06.040

Sausa, L. A. (2005). Translating research into practice: Trans youth recommendations for improving school systems. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Issues in Education, 3(1), 15–28. doi:10.1300/J367v03n01_04

Shelton, S. A., & Lester, A. O. (2018). Finding possibilities in the impossible: A celebratory narrative of trans youth experiences in the Southeastern USA. Sex Education, 18(4), 391–405. doi:10.1080/14681811.2017.1421920

Snapp, S. D., Burdge, H., Licona, A. C., Moody, R. L., & Russell, S. T. (2015). Students’ perspectives on LGBTQ-inclusive curriculum. Equity & Excellence in Education, 48(2), 249–265. doi:10.1080/10665684.2015.1025614

Sterzing, P. R., Ratliff, G. A., Gartner, R. E., McGeough, B. L., & Johnson, K. C. (2017). Social ecological correlates of polyvictimization among a national sample of transgender, genderqueer, and cisgender sexual minority adolescents. Child Abuse & Neglect, 67, 1–12. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.02.017

Toomey, R. B., Ryan, C., Diaz, R. M., Card, N. A., & Russell, S. T. (2010). Gender-nonconforming lesbian, gay bisexual, and transgender youth: School victimization and young adult psychosocial adjustment. Developmental Psychology, 46(6), 1580–1589. doi:10.1037/a0020705

Ullman, J. (2014). Ladylike/butch, sporty/dapper: Exploring ‘gender climate’ with Australian LGBTQ students using stage–environment fit theory. Sex Education, 14(4), 430–443. doi:10.1080/14681811.2014.919912

Wernick, L. J., Kulick, A., & Chin, M. (2017). Gender identity disparities in bathroom safety and wellbeing among high school students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(5), 917–930. doi:10.1007/s10964-017-0652-1