Belfast had a strong record of women’s political activity during the period 1912 to 1922. The largest Irish women’s organisation of the decade, the Ulster Women’s Unionist Council, was founded in the city in 1911. Nationalist women were also active in Belfast, and prominent among them was Alice Milligan, the editor of Shan Van Vocht. Women in the city also contributed to the British war effort (1914-1918) as nurses and workers in the linen mills that produced cloth for tents and hammocks as well as the linen wrapping for early fighter planes.

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