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Dr. Stephen Gallagher

Biography

Associate Professor in Health Psychology. Stephen Gallagher is a health psychologist and a Professor in the Psychology Department here in UL and has been here since August 2010. My main research interests focus on the impact of stress on health and well-being. I am particularly interested in the impact of psychosocial factors on health via interactions between the neuroendocrine and immune systems. My current research is looking at the psychological and social factors that are associated with caregiver health as well as those experiencing unemployment, both of who are under chronic stress. We are also involved with designing and delivery of number interventions (e.g. stress management, positive psychology, and physical activity) to improve health and well-being for carers, the general population as well those with chronic illnesses. I am also using laboratory-based research to examine the buffering role of social support on cardiovascular reactivity and immunity. I am also a member of the Centre for Social Issues Research and the Health Research Institute and Director of the Study of Anxiety, Stress & Health Laboratory here in UL, www.sashlab.com. Stephen has published extensively in the areas described above, with national and international research teams and his research has been funded by the Irish Research Council, Health Research Board, and Research Institutes in the USA. He would be interested in supervising Postdoctoral or PhD projects in some of the areas described above. Please send an e-mail to Stephen for possible opportunities.

Research Interests

My main research interests are on stress and health, with a particular focus on how stress gets inside the body via biobehavioural pathways including immune, hormonal and cardiovascular biomarkers. In terms of stress, I use a variety of paradigms including life events stress (e.g. bereavement), chronic (e.g, caregiving, unemployment and long-term conditions) and acute stress (e.g,. exams and maths tasks) as well as conduct both observational and experimental studies including psychosocial and positive psychology interventions. My lab group (sashlab.com) and our health and psychophysiology laboratory have two experimental testing rooms and a wet-lab. These are equipped with full cardiovascular monitoring equipment with several Dinamaps, and a Finometer Pro which allows for beat-to-beat continuous hemodynamic monitoring. The labs also have plate readers, incubators, centrifuge and the capability to assess a range of hormonal and immune biomarkers and we tend to look at cortisol, DHEA, and secretory immunoglobulin A. Some of the projects I am currently involved with include examining the biological correlates of caregiving and unemployment as well as the stress of bullying in the workplace; other projects are looking at how loneliness and social relationships affect our health via cardiovascular and hormonal interactions. While our interventions focus on improving social relations via gratitude and benefit finding with other studies investigating health behaviour interventions to those managing and living with long-terms conditions (e.g, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis). In terms of collaborations, my group has several local (UL), and national (NUI-G, UCC, MIC, UCD), and international projects (UK, US) that are on-going and we would be keen to develop other collaborations if they fit with our agenda. Thus, feel free to get in touch with me if you think we have shared interests.

Teaching Interests

Undergraduate: Theory & Method 1; Health Psychology; Biological Bases of Behaviour
Postgraduate: Social Influence & Attitude Change

Professional Activities

Association

  • 2010 Affilation and support for psychologists in Ireland, Psychological Society of Ireland
  • 2005 Support and network for Health Psychologists, Division of Health Psychology, British Psychological Society, UK
  • 2003 Professional body for psycholgist, British Psychological Society, UK

Award

  • - Ratcliffe Prize, 2009,
  • - Deanery Prize Winner

Publications

Book Chapter

2012

Spirituality
Gallagher, S & Tierney, W
Encyclopedia of Behavioural Medicine

2012

Religion/Spirituality
Gallagher, Stephen and Tierney Warren
Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9,

2012

Religiousness/Religiosity
Gallagher, Stephen and Warren Tierney
Encyclopedia of behavioral medicine DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9

Conference Publication

2016

European League Against Rheumatism
Larkin, L., Kennedy, N., Fraser, A., Gallagher, S.
DOI: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2016-eular.1667

2016

13th Annual Psychology, Health & Medicine (PHM) Conference
Slattery E., Ryan L., McMahon J. & Gallagher S

2016

European League Against Rheumatism
Larkin, L., Kennedy, N., Fraser, A., Gallagher, S.
DOI: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2016-eular.1670

2016

13th Annual Psychology, Health & Medicine Conference, (PHM)
Ryan L., Slattery E., McMahon J. & Gallagher S

2015

17th Congress of the European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology
MacIntyre. T., O'Shea, D. Butler, C., MacIntyre, D., O'Brien, M., Igou, E., Gallagher, S., Creaven, A. M., DeLooze, C., Kenny, G.

2010

BPS Health Psychology Annual Conference
Whiteley, J., Shandley, L., Sheffield, D., & Gallagher, S.

2010

BPS Health Psychology Annual Conference
Bould, K & Gallagher, S.

2010

BPS Health Psychology Annual Conference,
Massey, A., Sheffield, D & Gallagher, S.

2010

BPS Health Psychology Annual Conference,
Gallagher, S. Whiteley, J., Shandley, L., Dixon, K & Lee, H.A.N

Other Journal

2016

Relationship between, Self-Efficacy, Beliefs, and Physical Activity in Inflammatory Arthritis
Larkin L., Gallagher S., Fraser A., Kennedy N.
Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal

2015
2014

The role of positive social interactions in improving wellbeing: A randomised controlled pilot trial.
O'Connell, B. H., O'Shea, D. & Gallagher, S.
European Health Psychologist

Other Publication

2019

The effects of exercise interventions on health and fitness of firefighters: A meta-analysis
Andrews K.;Gallagher S.;Herring M.
Scandinavian Journal Of Medicine And Science In Sports DOI: 10.1111/sms.13411

2019

Caregiving alters immunity and stress hormones: a review of recent research
Whittaker A.;Gallagher S.
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences DOI: 10.1016/j.cobeha.2019.02.002

2018

Exercise Effects On Health, Fitness, And Cardiometabolic Risk Factors Among Firefighters: A Meta-analysis
Andrews, KL;Gallagher, S;Herring, MP
Medicine and science in sports and exercise

2018

Changing Physical Activity Behavior in People With Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Casey, B;Coote, S;Hayes, S;Gallagher, S
Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation DOI: 10.1016/j.apmr.2017.12.013

2017

ATTACHMENT, SOCIAL SUPPORT AND CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH
McMahon, GM,Gallagher, S,Brown, E,Creaven, AM
Psychosomatic medicine

2017

Psychological Antecedents and Consequences of Maximal Fitness Testing Among Firefighters
Andrews, KL,Carson, BP,Gallagher, S,Herring, MP
Medicine and science in sports and exercise DOI: 10.1249/01.mss.0000519308.16863.69

2017

Effect of a 10-week MS exercise programme on muscle strength and aerobic capacity in inactive people with MS
Uszynski, MK,Hayes, S,Gallagher, S,Motl, RW,Coote, S
Multiple Sclerosis Journal

2017

SOCIAL SUPPORT IN REAL LIFE IS ASSOCIATED WITH CARDIOVASCULAR RECOVERY FOLLOWING ACUTE STRESS EXPOSURE
Gallagher, S,Brown, E,McMahon, G,Creaven, AM
Psychosomatic medicine

2016

Randomised Controlled Trials in WOHP Interventions: A Review and Guidelines for Use
O'Shea, D,O'Connell, BH,Gallagher, S
Applied Psychology-An International Review-Psychologie Appliquee-Revue Internationale DOI: 10.1111/apps.12053

2016

Energy expenditure in inactive adults with multiple sclerosis - social cognitive theory and symptom correlates
Uszynski, MK,Casey, B,Hayes, S,Gallagher, S,Motl, RW,Coote, S
Multiple Sclerosis Journal

2015

Enhancing social relationships through positive psychology activities: A randomized controlled trial.
O'Connell, B., O'Shea, D. & Gallagher, S.
Journal of Positive Psychology

2015

Behaviour change interventions to promote physical activity in rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review
Larkin, L,Gallagher, S,Cramp, F,Brand, C,Fraser, A,Kennedy, N
Rheumatology international DOI: 10.1007/s00296-015-3292-3

2014

Are symptoms of post-traumatic stress in patients experiencing nasal fractures reduced following surgery? A pilot study
Gallagher, S,O'Rourke, C,Oosthuizen, JC,Wijaya, C,Muldoon, OT,Fenton, JE
Irish journal of medical science

2014

PERCEIVED MATERNAL STRESS AND EMOTIONAL WELLBEING AS RISK FACTORS FOR MISCARRIAGE
Meaney, S,Corcoran, P,Lutomski, JE,Gallagher, S,Spillane, N,O'Donoghue, K
Journal Of Epidemiology And Community Health DOI: 10.1136/jech-2014-204726.64

2012

Religiousness/Religiosity
Gallagher, S & Tierney, W

2012

Religion/Spirituality
Gallagher, S & Tierney, W

Peer Reviewed Journal

2020

Building Resources in Caregivers: Feasibility of a Brief Writing Intervention to Increase Benefit Finding in Caregivers
Gallagher S.;O’Sullivan L.;Hughes Z.;O’Connell B.
Applied Psychology-Health And Well Being DOI: 10.1111/aphw.12195

2020

Personality, cardiovascular, and cortisol reactions to acute psychological stress in the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) study
Coyle D.;Howard S.;Bibbey A.;Gallagher S.;Whittaker A.;Creaven A.
International Journal Of Psychophysiology DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2019.11.014

2019

The effects of exercise interventions on health and fitness of firefighters: A meta-analysis.
Andrews KL;Gallagher S;Herring MP;
Scandinavian Journal Of Medicine And Science In Sports DOI: 10.1111/sms.13411

2019
2019

Unemployment, employment precarity, and inflammation
Sumner R.;Bennett R.;Creaven A.;Gallagher S.
Brain, behavior, and immunity DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2019.10.013

2019

Loneliness and cardiovascular reactivity to acute stress in younger adults
Brown, EG;Creaven, AM;Gallagher, S
International Journal Of Psychophysiology DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2018.07.471

2018
2018

Sources of Variability in Physical Activity Among Inactive People with Multiple Sclerosis
Uszynski, MK,Herring, MP,Casey, B,Hayes, S,Gallagher, S,Motl, RW,Coote, S
International journal of behavioral medicine DOI: 10.1007/s12529-017-9674-z

2018

Social cognitive theory correlates of physical activity in inactive adults with multiple sclerosis
Uszynski M.;Casey B.;Hayes S.;Gallagher S.;Purtill H.;Motl R.;Coote S.
International Journal Of Ms Care DOI: 10.7224/1537-2073.2016-111

2018
2017

Parents' concerns about future pregnancy after stillbirth: a qualitative study
Meaney, S,Everard, CM,Gallagher, S,O'Donoghue, K
Health Expectations DOI: 10.1111/hex.12480

2017
2016

Relationship between self-efficacy, beliefs, and physical activity in inflammatory arthritis
Larkin, L,Gallagher, S,Fraser, AD,Kennedy, N
Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal DOI: 10.1016/j.hkpj.2015.10.001

2016

Relationship between self-efficacy, beliefs, and physical activity in inflammatory arthritis.
Larkin, L., Gallagher, S, Fraser, A, Kennedy, N.
Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal DOI: 10.1016/j.hkpj.2015.10.001

2016

Randomized controlled trials in WOHP interventions: A review and guidelines for use
O'Shea, D., O'Connell, B. H. & Gallagher, S.
Applied Psychology-An International Review-Psychologie Appliquee-Revue Internationale DOI: 10.1111/apps.12053

2016

Unemployment is associated with lower cortisol awakening and blunted dehydroepiandrosterone responses
Gallagher, S,Sumner, RC,Muldoon, OT,Creaven, AM,Hannigan, A
Psychoneuroendocrinology DOI: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2016.03.011

2016

Mediating effects of loneliness on the gratitude-health link
O'Connell, BH,O'Shea, D,Gallagher, S
Personality And Individual Differences DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.042

2016

Mediating effects of loneliness on the gratitude-health link.
O'Connell, B. H., Gallagher, S. & O'Shea, D.
Personality And Individual Differences

2015

Anticytomegalovirus antibody titres are not associated with caregiving burden in younger caregivers
Vitlic, A,Phillips, AC,Gallagher, S,Oliver, C,Lord, JM,Moss, P
British journal of health psychology DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12092

2015

How Does Bereavement Get Under the Skin? The Effects of Late-Life Spousal Loss on Cortisol Levels
Richardson, VE,Bennett, KM,Carr, D,Gallagher, S,Kim, J,Fields, N
Journals Of Gerontology Series B-Psychological Sciences And Social Sciences DOI: 10.1093/geronb/gbt116

2015

Promoting physical activity in rheumatoid arthritis: A narrative review of behaviour change theories
Larkin, L., Kennedy, N., Gallagher, S
Disability And Rehabilitation

2015

'Soft and fluffy': Medical students' attitudes towards psychology in medical education
Gallagher, S., Wallace, S., Nathan, Y., McGrath, D.
Journal of Health Psychology DOI: 10.1177/1359105313499780

2015

Behaviour change interventions to promote physical activity in rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review
Larkin L., Gallagher S., Cramp F., Brand C., Fraser A., Kennedy N
Rheumatology International

2015

Parental decision making around perinatal autopsy: a qualitative investigation
Meaney, S,Gallagher, S,Lutomski, JE,O'Donoghue, K
Health Expectations DOI: 10.1111/hex.12305

2015

'Soft and fluffy': Medical students' attitudes towards psychology in medical education
Gallagher, S,Wallace, S,Nathan, Y,McGrath, D
Journal of health psychology DOI: 10.1177/1359105313499780

2014

Social identity influences stress appraisals and cardiovascular reactions to acute stress exposure
Gallagher, S,Meaney, S,Muldoon, OT
British journal of health psychology DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12056

2014

Happy but unhealthy: The relationship between social ties and health in an emerging network
Howell, JL,Koudenburg, N,Loschelder, DD,Weston, D,Fransen, K,De Dominicis, S,Gallagher, S,Haslam, SA
European Journal Of Social Psychology DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2030

2014

Acquired brain injury: combining social psychological and neuropsychological perspectives
Walsh, RS,Fortune, DG,Gallagher, S,Muldoon, OT
Health Psychology Review DOI: 10.1080/17437199.2012.733914

2013

'Happy and a bit Nervous': the experiences of children with autism in physical education
Healy, S,Msetfi, R,Gallagher, S
British Journal Of Learning Disabilities DOI: 10.1111/bld.12053

2013

A commentary on ‘The effects of identification with a support group on the mental health of people with multiple sclerosis
Stephen Gallagher, Aisling T. O' Donnell, Anca Minescu and Orla T. Muldoon
Journal Of Psychosomatic Research DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2013.07.004

2013

How Does Bereavement Get Under the Skin? The Effects of Late-Life Spousal Loss on Cortisol Levels.
Richardson VE, Bennett KM, Carr D, Gallagher S, Kim J, Fields N
The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences DOI: 10.1093/geronb/gbt116

2012
2009

Social support, social intimacy, and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress.
Phillips AC, Gallagher S, Carroll D
Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine DOI: 10.1007/s12160-008-9077-0

2009

Symptoms of depression in non-routine caregivers: the role of caregiver strain and burden.
Phillips AC, Gallagher S, Hunt K, Der G, Carroll D
The British journal of clinical psychology / the British Psychological Society DOI: 10.1348/014466508X397142

2008

Psychosocial factors are associated with the antibody response to both thymus-dependent and thymus-independent vaccines.
Gallagher S, Phillips AC, Ferraro AJ, Drayson MT, Carroll D
Brain, behavior, and immunity DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2007.10.018

2008

Predictors of psychological morbidity in parents of children with intellectual disabilities.
Gallagher S, Phillips AC, Oliver C, Carroll D
Journal of pediatric psychology DOI: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsn040

2008

Caregiving is associated with low secretion rates of immunoglobulin A in saliva.
Gallagher, S; Phillips, AC; Evans, P; Der, G; Hunt, K; Carroll, D
Brain Behav. Immun.

2006

A comparison of acute and long-term health-care personnel's attitudes towards older adults.
Gallagher S, Bennett KM, Halford JC
International journal of nursing practice DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-172X.2006.00582.x