Most countries across Europe have hate crime legislation, with Ireland being a notable exception. Led by Dr Jennifer Schweppe, this theme unpicks and explores the structures and potential forms of hate crime legislation, as well as exploring the rights of offenders under Article 6 ECHR in the context of hate crime legislation, and the rights of victims under the EU Victims’ Directive. It also seeks to understand the relationship between members of minority communities and the criminal justice process.

Currently, the Legislating Against Hate and the Policing and Access to Justice projects fall under the Criminalising Hate theme.

For more information on this theme, or on any of the work associated with it, contact