This theme seeks to deepen our understanding of hate, both theoretically and in practice. Whilst there have been a number of initiatives across Europe which seek to combat hate, there is no single theoretical framework from which this work is drawn, and research has shown that those European initiatives are not appropriately implemented at a country-level (Schweppe, Haynes, and Walters 2018). Led by Dr Amanda Haynes, this theme seeks to develop a clear and inclusive understanding of hate which can inform the work in and across Europe.

For more information on this theme, or on any of the work associated with it, contact