Directors: Patrick Gunnigle, Jonathan Lavelle, Anthony McDonnell
INTREPID comprises a network of international scholars involved in closely linked studies on management practice in multinational companies (MNCs) across different national contexts. The principal objective of this network is to ensure an accurate, representative depiction of the activities of MNCs, especially in the areas of employment practice and employment relations. This network involves some 15 universities and business schools from Australasia, the Americas and Europe (see table 1). Alongside national funding sources, INTREPID was awarded a four year European Union Framework 7 Marie Curie grant (FP7-PEOPLE-IRSES-2008N°230854-INTREPID) to facilitate research exchanges and collaboration.  The University of Limerick is the lead partner on this grant (Principal Investigator: Prof Patrick Gunnigle and Project co-director: Dr Jonathan Lavelle).


  University   Country
  University of Limerick   Ireland
  University of Newcastle   Australia
  University of Wollongong   Australia
  La Trobe University   Australia
  University of Montreal   Canada
  Laval University   Canada
  HEC Montreal   Canada
  El Colegio de la Frontera Norte   Mexico
  King’s College London   UK
  University of Warwick   UK
  De Montfort University   UK
  IESE, University of Navarra   Spain
  Copenhagen Business School   Denmark
  University of Copenhagen   Denmark
  Norwegian School of Economics & Business Administration   Norway

Below you will find an executive summary of the Irish report and a web link to the full report and working papers. In addition, you will find contact details for the different international project teams, as well as web links to the Canadian and UK reports and working papers.
Executive Summary to Main Report, Human Resource Practices in Multinational Companies in Ireland.
Executive Summary
The full findings are available in book format – full reference as follows:
 Lavelle, J., McDonnell, A. & Gunnigle, P. (2009) Human Resource Practices in Multinational Companies in Ireland: A Contemporary Analysis, Dublin: The Stationery Office.

Indicative related publications:
Gunnigle, P., Pulignano, V., Edwards, T., Belizón, M.J., Navrbjerg, S., Olsen, K.M. & Susaeta, L. (2015) "Advancing Understanding on Industrial Relations in Multinational Companies:  Key Research Challenges and the INTREPID Contribution", Journal of Industrial Relations, 57(2) (forthcoming).

McDonnell, A., Gunnigle, P. & Lavelle, J. (2014) "Human Resource Management in Multinational Enterprises:  Evidence from a Late Industrialising Economy", Management International Review, DOI 10. 1007/s11575-014-0202-y.

Belizón, M.J., Gunnigle, P., Morley, M. & Lavelle, J. (2014) "Subsidiary autonomy over industrial relations in Ireland and Spain", European Journal of Industrial Relations, DOI: 10.1177/0959680113517199.

Almond, P., Gonzalez Menendez, M., Gunnigle, P., Lavelle, J., Luque Balbona, D., Monaghan, S. & Murray, G. (2014) "Multinationals and regional economies:  embedding the regime shoppers?" Transfer:  European Review of Labour and Research, 20 (2), 237-253.

Belizón,  M.J., Gunnigle, P. & Morley, M. (2013)  "Determinants of central control and subsidiary autonomy in HRM: the case of foreign-owned multinational companies in Spain", Human Resource Management Journal, 23(3), 262-278.

Lamare, R., Gunnigle, P., Marginson, P. & Murray, G. (2013) "Union Status and Double-Breasting at Multinational Companies in Three Liberal Market Economies", Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 66(3), 696-722.

Gunnigle, P., Lavelle, J., & Monaghan, S. (2013) “Weathering the storm? Multinational companies and human resource management through the global financial crisis”, International Journal of Manpower, 34(3), 214-231.

Lavelle, J., Turner, T., Gunnigle, P. and McDonnell, A. (2012) ‘The Determinants of Financial Participation Schemes within multinational companies in Ireland’, International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23 (8), 1590-1610.

McDonnell, A., Hickey, C. & Gunnigle, P. (2011) “Global Talent Management: Exploring Talent Identification in the Multinational Enterprise” European Journal of International Management  5 (2), 174-193. 

Collings, D., McDonnell, A., Gunnigle, P. & Lavelle, J. (2010) “Swimming against the tide: Outward staffing flows from multinational subsidiaries”, Human Resource Management 49 (4), 575-598.

Lavelle, J., Gunnigle, P. & McDonnell, A. (2010) “Patterning employee voice in multinational companies”, Human Relations 63 (3), 395-418.

McDonnell, A., Lamare, R., Gunnigle, P. & Lavelle, J. (2010) “Developing Tomorrow's Leaders - Evidence of Global Talent Management in Multinational Enterprises”, Journal of World Business, 45 (2), 150-160.

McDonnell, A., Gunnigle, P. & Lavelle, J. (2010) “Learning transfer in multinational companies: Explaining inter-organisation variation, Human Resource Management Journal, 20 (1), 23-43. 

Gunnigle, P., Lavelle, J. & McDonnell, A. (2009) “Subtle but deadly? Union avoidance through ‘double breasting’ among multinational companies”, Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations, 16, 51-74. 

Collings, D.G., Morley, M.J. & Gunnigle, P. (2008) “Composing the top management team in the international subsidiary: Qualitative evidence on international staffing in US MNCs in the Republic of Ireland”, Journal of World Business, 43 (2), 197-212.

Collings, D.G., Gunnigle, P. & Morley, M.J. (2008) “Between Boston and Berlin, American MNCs and the Shifting Contours of Industrial Relations in Ireland”, International Journal of Human Resource Management,  19 (2), 242–263

Mc Donnell, A., Lavelle, J., Collings, D.G. & Gunnigle, P. (2007), “Management research on multinational corporations, a methodological critique”, Economic and Social Review 38 (2), 235-258.

Lavelle, J., Gunnigle, P. & McDonnell, A. (2008) “Unions on the edge? Industrial Relations in Multinational Companies”, in T. Hastings (Ed.) The State of the Unions: Challenges Facing Organised Labour in Ireland, Dublin: The Liffey Press.
Working Papers available at
Research Partners
John Burgess, University of Newcastle,
Jacques Bélanger, University of Laval,
Patrice Jalette, University of Montreal,
Christian Levesque, HEC Montreal,
Gregor Murray, University of Montreal,
Jorge Carrillo, El Colegio de la Frontera, Norte, Tijuana,
Peter Waring, University of New South Wales,
Javier Quintanilla, IESE Business School (Madrid)
Lourdes Susaeta, IESE Business School,
United Kingdom
Paul Edwards, Warwick University,
Tony Edwards, Kings College,
Anthony Ferner, De Montfort University,
Paul Marginson, Warwick University,
Olga Tregaskis, De Montfort University,
(The UK report and a selection of working papers are available via the link above)