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Kathryn Brosnan

Email Address: 
Professor Michael J. Morley
Working Title of Thesis: 
Measurement of the return on investment of long- and short-term international assignments: A multi-stakeholder perspective

A vast amount of academic literature exists in the area of expatriation; however, the area of return on investment (ROI) and value measurement is neither widely researched nor understood (see McNulty, De Cieri and Hutchings 2009; Welch, Steen and Tahvanainen 2009 for recent exceptions). Many factors impact on the success of an international assignment, and a variety of stakeholders are involved in the process at different stages of the global assignment cycle, each with differing agendas. A multi-stakeholder view is espoused in the literature (Takeuchi 2010; Doherty and Dickmann 2012; Bonache, Brewster, Suutari and De Saá 2010). However, to date the stakeholder approach has been neither incorporated nor empirically investigated. Assignment success is difficult to define, and is regarded as a multi-faceted construct (Hemmasi, Downes and Varner 2010; Brewster, Bonache, Cerdin and Suutari 2014). The cost of expatriation is quite high; Deloitte (2010) estimates that an expatriate can cost 2 to 4 times the cost of a host employee salary. The number and profile of expatriates is growing (Brookfield 2013; Cartus 2013); given the substantial costs, it is imperative that an ROI measurement is applied. There is no universal expatriate ROI construct, as different elements impinge on the ROI construct from both a corporate and an individual perspective. Exacerbating the problem is the fact that the construct is not well understood in organisations (McNulty et al. 2009; Welch et al. 2009; Doherty and Dickmann 2012). Furthermore, there is an empirical deficit in the literature in relation to alternative assignment types: for example, the short-term assignment and international business travellers. As there is “a requirement to better understand how expatriate assignments can add value in different contexts” (Collings, Scullion and Morley 2007, p. 202), it is timely to examine and further integrate these alternatives into the growing expatriation debate. My research aims to close these empirical gaps.

Details of any scholarships/funding received (NOT USED): 
I am in receipt of an annual Dean’s scholarship from the Kemmy Business School, University of Limerick
Expatriation, Expatriate Return on Investment, Expatriate Success, Expatriate Outcomes, Stakeholder Salience
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